### Call for Paper

CAE solicits original research papers for the April 2020 Edition. Last date of manuscript submission is March 31, 2020.

# An Extensive Research Survey on Networked Control Systems (NCS)

Anupama S.. Published in Networks.

Communications on Applied Electronics
Year of Publication: 2018
Publisher: Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Authors: Anupama S.
10.5120/cae2018652784

Anupama S.. An Extensive Research Survey on Networked Control Systems (NCS). Communications on Applied Electronics 7(20):1-10, September 2018. BibTeX

@article{10.5120/cae2018652784,
author = {Anupama S.},
title = {An Extensive Research Survey on Networked Control Systems (NCS)},
journal = {Communications on Applied Electronics},
issue_date = {September 2018},
volume = {7},
number = {20},
month = {Sep},
year = {2018},
issn = {2394-4714},
pages = {1-10},
numpages = {10},
url = {http://www.caeaccess.org/archives/volume7/number20/825-2018652784},
doi = {10.5120/cae2018652784},
publisher = {Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA},
}


### Abstract

The system which closes its control loops with the help of communication networks is known as networked control systems (NCSs). These communication networks include both the feedback and control signals exchanged among the system components like controller, sensors, actuators, etc. The NCSs exhibits its applicability in the wide range of applications in signal processing and industrial control. Recently, the NCS has become an interesting research topic for both academia and industry. With the advancement in the research trend, there is a need for consolidation of the latest information and knowledge on that to understand the research requirements. Thus, this paper introduces a research survey on the different types of approaches evolved for NCS in recent years. This paper is initialized by discussing the essential aspects of the NCS and its applications.

Further, the NCS caused issues are described and then followed with the discussion on different controlling mechanisms. Also, to find the gaps in the current research some of the recent research surveyed. Followingly, the current state of the art in the research of NCS is given. Finally, the paper is ended-up with a conclusion and futuristic scope of the research survey.

### References

1. AlthougHuang, Deqing, et al. "High-performance tracking of piezoelectric positioning stage using current-cycle iterative learning control with gain scheduling." IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics 61.2 (2014): 1085-1098.
2. Qiu, Jianbin, et al. "Fuzzy-model-based reliable static output feedback H∞ control of nonlinear hyperbolic PDE systems." IEEE Trans. Fuzzy Syst 24.2 (2016): 388-400.
3. Wang, Tong, Huijun Gao, and Jianbin Qiu. "A combined fault-tolerant and predictive control for network-based industrial processes." IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics 63.4 (2016): 2529-2536.
4. D. Zhang, Q.-L. Han, and X. Jia, “Network-based output tracking control for a class of T-S fuzzy systems that can not be stabilized by nondelayed output feedback controllers,” IEEE Trans. Cybern., vol. 45, no. 8, pp. 1511-1524, Aug. 2015.
5. Zhang, L, Zhu, Y, Ning, Z. Resilient estimation for networked systems with variable communication capability. IEEE T Automat Control 2016; 61: 4150–4156.
6. Lee, Tae H., Jianwei Xia, and Ju H. Park. "Networked control system with asynchronous samplings and quantizations in both transmission and receiving channels." Neurocomputing 237 (2017): 25-38.
7. Pasand, Mohammad Mahdi Share, and Mohsen Montazeri. "Structural properties, LQG control and scheduling of a networked control system with bandwidth limitations and transmission delays." IEEE/CAA Journal of Automatica Sinica (2017).
8. Cuenca, Angel, et al. "Periodic Event-Triggered Sampling and Dual-rate Control for a Wireless Networked Control System with Applications to UAVs." IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics (2018).
9. Cuenca, A., et al. "A packet-based dual-rate PID control strategy for a slow-rate sensing Networked Control System." ISA transactions 76 (2018): 155-166.
10. Borgers, D. P., et al. "Periodic event-triggered control of nonlinear systems using overapproximation techniques." Automatica 94 (2018): 81-87.
11. J. Hespanha, P. Naghshtabrizi, and Y. Xu, “A survey of recent results in networked control systems,” Proc. IEEE, vol. 95, no. 1, pp. 138-162, Jan. 2007
12. G. Pratl, D. Dietrich, G. Hancke, and W. Penzhorn, “A new model for autonomous, networked control systems,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Informat., vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 21-32, Feb. 2007.
13. J. Lunze and D. Lehmann, “A state-feedback approach to event-based control,” Automatica, vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 211-215, Jan. 2010.
14. X. Wang and M. Lemmon, “Self-triggered feedback control systems with ﬁnite-gain stability,” IEEE Trans. Autom. Control, vol. 45, no. 3, pp. 452-467, Mar. 2009.
15. Y.-L. Wang and Q.-L. Han, “Modelling and controller design for discrete-time networked control systems with limited channels and data drift,” Inf. Sci., vol. 269, pp. 332-348, Jun. 2014.
16. Z. Du, D. Yue, and S. Hu, “H∞ stabilization for singular networked cascade control systems with state delay and disturbance,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Informat., vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 882-894, May 2014.
17. W.-A. Zhang and L. Yu, “A robust control approach to stabilization of networked control systems with time-varying delays,” Automatica, vol. 45, no. 10, pp. 2440-2445, Oct. 2009.
18. M. Cloosterman, L. Hetel, N. van de Wouw, W. Heemels, J. Daafouz, and H. Nijmeijer, “Controller synthesis for networked control systems,” Automatica, vol. 46, no. 10, pp. 1584-1594, Oct. 2010.
19. Y. Mikheev, V. Sobolev, and E. Fridman, “Asymptotic analysis of digital control systems,” Autom. Remote Control, vol. 49, pp. 1175-1180, 1988.
20. Seuret, “A novel stability analysis of linear systems under asynchronous samplings,” Automatica, vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 177-182, Jan. 2012.
21. P. Naghshtabrizi, J. Hespanha, and A. Teel, “Exponential stability of impulsive systems with application to uncertain sampled-data systems,” Syst. Control Lett., vol. 57, no. 5, pp. 378-385, May 2008.
22. W. H. Chen and W. X. Zheng, “An improved stabilization method for sampled-data control systems with control packet loss,” IEEE Trans. Autom. Control, vol. 57, no. 9, pp. 2378-2384, Sep. 2012.
23. H. Gao, J. Wu, and P. Shi, “Robust sampled-data H1 control with stochastic sampling,” Automatica, vol. 45, no. 7, pp. 1729-1736, Jul. 2009.
24. D. Yue, Q.-L. Han, and J. Lam, “Network-based robust H1 control of systems with uncertainty,” Automatica, vol. 41, no. 6, pp. 999-1007, Jun. 2005.
25. P. Seiler and R. Sengupta, "An H1 approach to networked control, "IEEE Trans. Autom. Control, vol. 50, no. 3, pp. 356-364, Mar. 2005.
26. W. A. Zhang and L. Yu, “Modelling and control of networked control systems with both network-induced delay and packet-dropout,” Automatica, vol. 44, no. 12, pp. 3206-3210, Dec. 2008.
27. M. Donkers, W. Heemels, N. van de Wouw, and L. Hetel, “Stability analysis of networked control systems using a switched linear systems approach,” IEEE Trans. Autom. Control, vol. 56, no. 9, pp. 2101-2115, Sep. 2011.
28. L. Hetel, J. Daafouz, and C. Lung, “Analysis and control of LTI and switched systems in digital loops via an event-based modelling,” Int. J. Control, vol. 81, no. 7, pp. 1125-1138, Jul. 2008.
29. Kruszewski, W. Jiang, E. Fridman, J. P. Richard, and A. Toguyeni, “A switched system approach to exponential stabilization through communication network,” IEEE Trans. Control Syst. Technol., vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 887-900, Apr. 2012.
30. H. Lin and P. Antsaklis, “Stability and persistent disturbance attenuation properties for a class of networked control systems: switched system approach,” Int. J. Control, vol. 78, no. 18, pp. 1447-1458, Dec. 2005.
31. X. M. Sun, G.-P. Liu, W. Wang, and R. David, “Stability analysis for networked control systems based on average dwell time method,” Int. J. Robust Nonlin. Control, vol. 20, no. 15, pp. 1774-1784, Oct. 2010.
32. J. Nilsson, B. Bernhardsson, and B. Wittenmark, “Stochastic analysis and control of real-time systems with random time delays,” Automatica, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 57-64, Jan. 1998.
33. F. Yang, Z. Wang, Y. S. Hung, and M. Gani, “H1 control for networked systems with random communication delays,” IEEE Trans. Autom. Control, vol. 51, no. 3, pp. 511-518, Mar. 2006.
34. M. Donkers, W. Heemels, D. Bernardini, A. Bemporad, and V. Shneer, “Stability analysis of stochastic networked control systems,” Automatica, vol. 48, no. 5, pp. 917-925, May. 2012.
35. Tabbara, M., & Nesic, D. (2008). Input–output stability of networked control systems with stochastic protocols and channels. IEEE Transactions on Automatic control, 53(5), 1160-1175.
36. K. Arzen, “A simple event-based PID controller,” in Proc. IFAC World Congress, Beijing, China, 1999.
37. P. Tabuada, “Event-triggered real-time scheduling of stabilizing control tasks,” IEEE Trans. Autom. Control, vol. 52, no. 9, pp. 1680-1685, Sep. 2007.
38. J. Lunze and D. Lehmann, “A state-feedback approach to event-based control,” Automatica, vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 211-215, Jan. 2010.
39. X. Wang and M. Lemmon, “Self-triggered feedback control systems with finite-gain stability,” IEEE Trans. Autom. Control, vol. 45, no. 3, pp. 452-467, Mar. 2009.
40. Wu, Chengwei, et al. "Adaptive fuzzy control for nonlinear networked control systems." IEEE Trans. Syst. Man Cybern. Syst 47.8 (2017): 2420-2430.
41. Xu, Hao, and Sarangapani Jagannathan. "Neural network-based finite horizon stochastic optimal control design for nonlinear networked control systems." IEEE transactions on neural networks and learning systems 26.3 (2015): 472-485.
42. Qiu, Jianbin, Huijun Gao, and Steven X. Ding. "Recent advances on fuzzy-model-based nonlinear networked control systems: A survey." IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics 63.2 (2016): 1207-1217.
43. Khanesar, Mojtaba Ahmadieh, et al. "Adaptive indirect fuzzy sliding mode controller for networked control systems subject to time-varying network-induced time delay." IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems 23.1 (2015): 205-214.
44. Yuan, Chengzhi, and Fen Wu. "Delay scheduled impulsive control for networked control systems." IEEE Transactions on Control of Network Systems 4.3 (2017): 587-597.
45. Hamdy, Mohamed, Sameh Abd-Elhaleem, and M. A. Fkirin. "Time-Varying Delay Compensation for a Class of Nonlinear Control Systems Over Network via $H_ {\infty}$ Adaptive Fuzzy Controller." IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics: Systems 47.8 (2017): 2114-2124.
46. Razeghi-Jahromi, Mohammad, and Alireza Seyedi. "Stabilization of networked control systems with sparse observer-controller networks." IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control 60.6 (2015): 1686-1691.
47. Li, Meng, and Yong Chen. "Robust Tracking Control of Networked Control Systems With Communication Constraints and External Disturbance." IEEE Trans. Industrial Electronics 64.5 (2017): 4037-4047.
48. Wu, Di, et al. "On designing event-triggered schemes for networked control systems subject to one-step packet dropout." IEEE transactions on industrial informatics 12.3 (2016): 902-910.
49. Almakhles, Dhafer, et al. "An adaptive two-level quantizer for networked control systems." IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology 25.3 (2017): 1084-1091.
50. Li, Hongbo, et al. "Stabilization and Separation Principle of Networked Control Systems Using the TS Fuzzy Model Approach." IEEE Trans. Fuzzy Systems 23.5 (2015): 1832-1843.
51. Tang, Bin, Jun Wang, and Yun Zhang. "A delay-distribution approach to stabilization of networked control systems." IEEE Transactions on Control of Network Systems 2.4 (2015): 382-392.
52. Lu, Zhong-Da, et al. "Event-Triggered H $\infty$ Fuzzy Filtering for Networked Control Systems With Quantization and Delays." IEEE Access 6 (2018): 20231-20241.
53. Tang, Bin, Shiguo Peng, and Yun Zhang. "Fuzzy-Model-Based Robust H∞ Design of Nonlinear Packetized Networked Control Systems." IEEE Trans. Fuzzy Systems 24.3 (2016): 544-557.
54. Mo, Huadong, et al. "Modeling and analysis of the reliability of digital networked control systems considering networked degradations." IEEE Transactions on Automation Science and Engineering 14.3 (2017): 1491-1503.
55. Wang, Jufeng, and Chunfeng Liu. "Exponential stability of a class of networked control systems with disturbed controllers." Advances in Difference Equations 2016.1 (2016): 5.
56. de Sá, Alan O., Luiz FR da Costa Carmo, and Raphael CS Machado. "A controller design for mitigation of passive system identification attacks in networked control systems." Journal of Internet Services and Applications 9.1 (2018): 2.
57. Yan-feng, Wang, et al. "Fault-tolerant control for networked control systems with limited information in case of actuator fault." Mathematical Problems in Engineering 2015 (2015).
58. Li, Ming. "Delay analysis of networked control systems based on 100 M switched Ethernet." The Scientific World Journal2014 (2014).
59. Saha, Indranil, Sanjoy Baruah, and Rupak Majumdar. "Dynamic scheduling for networked control systems." Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Hybrid Systems: Computation and Control. ACM, 2015.
60. Zhiwen, Wang, and Sun Hongtao. "Control and optimization of network in networked control system." Mathematical Problems in Engineering 2014 (2014).
61. Yang, Hongjiu, et al. "Adaptive dynamic programming for security of networked control systems with actuator saturation." Information Sciences (2018).
62. Li, Zhihui, Ge Guo, and Zhongchang Liu. "Communication parameter design for networked control systems with the slotted ALOHA access protocol." Information Sciences 447 (2018): 205-215.
63. Wang, Yilin, and Shuanghe Yu. "An improved dynamic quantization scheme for uncertain linear networked control systems." Automatica 92 (2018): 244-248.

### Keywords

Actuators, Controllers, NCS, Network induced delay, packet dropouts, Sampling, Sensors.

### Experts’ Guide

Article Correction Policy
How to request minor changes in published article via Errata